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Thumri

sic Thumri is a common style of Indian light/semi-classical music, which is said to have begun with the court of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, 1847-1856.

There are three types of thumri: Punjabi, Lucknawi and Poorab Ang thumri. The sentiment of this style of music is usually romantic and devotional in nature, typically revolving around a gopi (milkmaid's) love for
Lord Krishna. Moreover, the language used for thumri compositions are mostly in a dialect of Hindu called Braj/Brij Bhasha. This style is characterised by a greater flexibility with the raag it is being sung or performed in.

The compositions are usually set to the Keherwa taal (time cycle) of 8 beats, Addha taal of 16 beats or Deepchandi of 14 beats. This form of music arose in popularity during the 19th century and is a popular style of vocal music for more relaxed and intimate 'baithak'-style performances. 
 

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